Types of Journal Articles

Scholarena publishes various types of scholarly articles which has different aims and requirements.

Most of the articles published will be one of the following:

Original Research

Research articles refer to novel and innovative analysis, or experiment which add-ons to the present knowledge and information available on a particular topic. An original article emphasis the complete description of advance research carried out including Introduction, Method, Results, and Discussion, Conclusion supported by strong statistical results along with their significance sections. Original articles are the crucial and most important type of papers used as primary sources

Research articles are written by the researchers who had actually conducted the study and perform experiments.

It should include the purpose of the study, the hypothesis or research question, and description of the whole process

The research results along with statistical data will be included

These results are interpreted and possible implications to be discussed

Review articles

Review articles provide summarize information from the valuable published scientific literature. These types of articles gather significant studies, comparisons, limitations and often identifying specific gaps or problems and identify need for upcoming research. Though the review articles don't report any novel or original research, one can get an idea about the current state of a topic without reading all the published works in the field.

Review articles are of three types

Literature reviews- Accurate survey and analysis of a particular subject of research.

Systematic reviews- Designed to provide a complete summary of current evidence relevant to a research question.

A meta-analysis Compares and combines the findings by the use of statistical methods to summarise the results of the existing studies.

Case Report

Case Reports discuss the unique, unusual, rare features of a disease, symptoms, signs, diagnosis, pathogenesis, new therapeutic approaches, an unexpected drug interaction, important scientific observations and follow-up of an individual patient including pictures that contribute to the existing knowledge in the field of medicine. Case reports contain literature review of other cases providing essential information to physicians of all specialties in medical profession.

Short communications

High-impact, most interesting research outcomes often deserve to be shared quickly. Short Communications are short, brief, or rapid communications that present novel and significant material for rapid distribution. They are concise format used to report improvements to existing methods, a new application, or a resource. These need to be reported quickly as the need to communicate such findings is very high.


Editorials address diverse topics, relevant concerns, changes, science, politics, news regarding the journal and its editorial management, content or policies. They are generally written by the Editorial Team or the Editorial Board members.


Letters to the Editor are intended for comments on articles published in the journal and must cite published references to support the writer's argument or constructive comments on the subjects of articles. A letter to the editor can be written by anyone who wants to share an opinion.


Opinion types of articles are usually essays that present a personal point of view evaluating general concepts or prevalent ideas in a field.

Opinion articles present the author's viewpoint on the elucidation, analysis, or methods used in a particular study. It allows the author to comment on the strength and weakness of a theory or hypothesis. Opinion articles are usually based on constructive criticism and should be backed by evidence. Such articles promote discussion on current issues concerning science. These are also relatively short articles.


Corrigenda correct errors and omissions in published papers. They should be as brief as possible, and describe no new methods or results.